Environmental Disasters: A Classifying Report

Stages and Phases

Title Environmental Disasters
General Statement A disaster is something that does a lot of damage.
Definition Sometimes, disasters hurt living things and the place where they live. These disasters are called environmental disasters.
Identification of classes Water pollution can be an environmental disaster. Water is polluted when people put things such as rubbish into it. Air pollution can also be an environmental disaster. Air can be polluted by things such as gas or smoke.
Description
Water pollution

Oil spills

Sometimes oil is spilled into water. Most spills are accidents. The most common accidents are when an oil tanker hits another oil tanker, or when an oil tanker hits the rocks.

Air pollution

Toxic gas

Toxic means poisonous. Companies use toxic gas to make chemicals. Large amounts of toxic gas can be very dangerous. It can hurt or kill animals and humans.

Nuclear power

Nuclear power can be very useful, but it can also be very dangerous if something goes wrong. If there is an accident, it can cause dangerous radioactive fallout. This cannot be seen, but it quickly spreads over a large area.

Smog

Smog is a big cloud of polluted air. It is like very thick fog. It hangs just above the ground. In some big cities, a lot of coal and oil are used. These can make smog. In some cities there are lots of cars and trucks on the road. The fumes from the cars and trucks can make smog. The more pollution there is, the worse the smog gets.

Source: Thomas 2008

Teaching Language in Context, Beverly Derewianka and Pauline Jones, Oxford, 2013

Different Kinds of Circumstances – Grammar

From ‘A New Grammar Companion For Teachers’

Beverly Derewianka

Time

When?

(Point in time)

I’ll see you at eight o’clock.

He’s got an appointment in the morning.

She sprained her ankle yesterday.

We’re going over there now.

How long?

(Duration in time)

I haven’t seen him for ages.

That film lasted forever.

During this period he was unemployed.

How many times?

(Frequency)

We play tennis every Saturday.

They regularly visit his mother.

On weekdays she catches the bus.

We often see him at the club.

Place

Where?

(Point in space)

I’ll see you there.

Place eggs in the bowl.

He snuggled under the warm blankets.

Where to/ from?

(Direction)

He was walking backwards.

They drove towards the village.

How far? (Distance) We walked for miles.
Manner

How?

(Quality)

Slowly, she made her way through the crowd.

The singers performed well.

By what means? (Means)

Beat the mixture with a fork.

They travelled by train.

What like?

(Comparison)

She laughed like a hyena.

Unlike her mother, she enjoyed reading.

How much?

(Degree)

To a large extent they only had themselves to blame.

She always pays too much.

She loved him deeply.

Accompaniment

Who/what with?

(In the company of)

She went to the dentist alone.

Together they fought for justice.

He left with Susan.

And who/what else?

(In addition)

There was blancmange as well as jelly.

Besides her best friend, no-one knew her secret.

The children cleaned up instead of their mother.

Matter

What about?

(Topic)

Regarding your question, can you put it in writing?

They talked all night about the situation.

Cause

Why?

(Reason)

Due to poor visibility, the flight will be cancelled.

As a result of her illness, she was unable to continue.

They invited her out of pity. 

Why? What for?

(Purpose)

He was making lasagne for dinner.

She went to the party in the hope of seeing him.

Who for? (Behalf)

I wanted to thank you on our behalf.

Mick laid the table for his mother.

Contingency

What if…?

(Condition)

In case of cancellation, tickets will be refunded.

In the event of a draw, there will be a penalty shootout.

Although…?

(Concession)

Beached whale dies, despite recue attempts.

They let him play in spite of their misgivings.

Role

What as?

(Guise)

As an expert in the field, she was often asked for her opinion.

In his role as president, he chaired the meeting.

Angle

According to whom?

(Source)

In the words of Martin Luther King Jr., a right delayed is a right denied.

According to you, I’m difficult.

In whose view?

(Viewpoint)

In my opinion, she could do much better.

From the customer’s perspective, it’s a legitimate gripe.

Analysing Narratives – Using the EALD Language and Literacy Levels – Staff Meeting 24th February 2016

Suggested order to explore texts:
 – foregrounding
 – noun groups
 – verbs
 – circumstances

NB: Decide on some benchmarks – to ensure consistency. Check with your year level colleagues that a Level 6 (for example) looks the same.

Refer to moderated evidence here (Narratives) and here (our Recounts from 2015).

Notes page to help with assigning a level:
EALD Notes for Assigning a level
EALD Notes

Oral Proforma from Moderated Evidence

2016 Oral Proforma from Mod Evidence p 1 Oral Proforma Mod Evid

Some Year Levels Teams might like to explore these areas in further depth:

Sentences
language-and-literacy-levels-module-1-2a-sentences

Circumstances
language-and-literacy-levels-module-1-2b-circumstances

Nominalisation
language-and-literacy-levels-module-1-2c-nominalisation

Where to next?
Maintain teaching focus on Sentence Structure and expand to also explicitly teach Text Cohesion.
There are some great suggestions here for explicit teaching:

Teaching Strategies:
teachingstrategies_1 (1)

Words Their Way – Resources

The online site for Words Their Way is up and running – much more effectively now! Check it out by going to the link on the right hand side of this blog, under the heading ‘Links’.

Once you have logged in using the Username and Password (emailed to you), go to the ‘Assessment’ tab. There you will be able to create your class and start to enter each student’s test results. (Don’t bother to mark the tests before entering, as you do this as you go along.)

The program will then analyse the results showing you exactly where each students strengths and needs are: whether that be digraphs, short vowel sounds, long vowel sounds, etc. It will also show you where each student lies on a spelling developmental continuum.

WTW Spell Dev Contin

If you look up ‘Words Their Way’ on Pinterest, or teacher blogs you will find plenty of resources to help.
WTW organisation

Here are some resources you might like to access:

A video showing Year 5 students at Plympton PS
http://englishatpps.edublogs.org/2013/04/09/words-their-way-in-room-2-2/

Words-Their-Way-weekly-program-2014
Words%20Their%20WaySelfAssessmtTool

Chinese New Year Resources

Google images of Chinese New Year
https://www.google.com.au/search?q=image+of+chinese+new+year&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjn8ufBwNvKAhVhGKYKHQ70C0wQsAQIGw&biw=1873&bih=962

http://www.asiaeducation.edu.au/curriculum/details/chinese-new-year

How to make dumplings